Policies Against Human Trafficking: The Role of Religion and Political Institutions

43 Pages Posted: 26 Jun 2013

See all articles by Niklas Potrafke

Niklas Potrafke

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute

Date Written: June 25, 2013

Abstract

I investigate empirically the role of religion and political institutions in policies against human trafficking, using the new 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index. The dataset contains 175 countries. The results show that governments in countries with Christian majorities implement stricter anti-trafficking policies than countries with Muslim majorities. The differences between countries with Christian and Muslim majorities is pronounced in dictatorships but less so in democracies. The influence of religion on the overall 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index is driven by protection and prevention policies. As compared to prosecution policies that mainly target the perpetrators of human trafficking, protection and prevention policies mainly protect the victims of human trafficking, i.e. predominantly women. The conclusions are consistent with other empirical findings regarding the association between religion, political institutions, and human development.

Keywords: human trafficking, religion, political institutions, human rights, gender equality

JEL Classification: F220, O150, O110, Z120, F590

Suggested Citation

Potrafke, Niklas, Policies Against Human Trafficking: The Role of Religion and Political Institutions (June 25, 2013). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4278, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2284736

Niklas Potrafke (Contact Author)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, 01069
Germany

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