Equity in Swedish Health Care Reconsidered: New Results Based on the Finite Mixture Model

21 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2000  

Ulf Gerdtham

Lund University - Faculty of Medicine

Pravin K. Trivedi

Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 2000

Abstract

This paper reconsiders the equity issue in Swedish health care utilisation previously analyzed by Gerdtham (Health Economics 6, 303-319, 1997) within the framework of the standard two-part model. Departing from the user/nonuser distinction, we use the more flexible framework of the finite mixture model that distinguishes between frequent/infrequent users. Our empirical results indicate that the finite mixture model fits the data better than the two-part model. The results indicate that income increases use among infrequent users in both physician and hospital care but that there is no such income effect among frequent users.

Keywords: equity, health care, count data, latent class models, finite mixture models

JEL Classification: C20, C25, C52, I10, I18

Suggested Citation

Gerdtham, Ulf and Trivedi, Pravin K., Equity in Swedish Health Care Reconsidered: New Results Based on the Finite Mixture Model (March 2000). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=228567 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.228567

Ulf Gerdtham (Contact Author)

Lund University - Faculty of Medicine ( email )

Box 117
SE-221 00 Lund
Sweden

Pravin K. Trivedi

Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) - Department of Economics ( email )

Wylie Hall
Bloomington, IN 47405-2100
United States

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