Distribution of Academic Research Funds: Case of Japanese National Research Grant

Scientometrics, 88(1), 43-60, 2011

27 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2013

See all articles by Sotaro Shibayama

Sotaro Shibayama

Lund University - Department of Business Administration; University of Tokyo

Date Written: July 1, 2011

Abstract

Drawing on a database of the competitive research funds in the Japanese academia, this study examines the distribution of research grants at the university and individual levels. The data indicates high inequality at the university level and slightly lower inequality at the individual level. Over the last three decades, the total grant budget has greatly increased and an increasing number of researchers have received the funds. Simultaneously, large-size grants have become more common and multiple awarding (i.e., one researcher receives more than one grant simultaneously) has become more frequent. These changes taken together, the level of inequality has not been changed substantially. The extent of inequality largely differs between scientific fields; especially high in basic natural sciences and relatively low in social sciences. A close examination of inequality over researchers’ career indicates different patterns of transition between fields and cohorts. Finally, both at the university and individual levels, the funding distribution is found more unequal than the distribution of publications as an output indicator.

Keywords: Research grant, Funding Inequality, Academia, University

JEL Classification: H81, I23, I28, D63

Suggested Citation

Shibayama, Sotaro, Distribution of Academic Research Funds: Case of Japanese National Research Grant (July 1, 2011). Scientometrics, 88(1), 43-60, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2287061

Sotaro Shibayama (Contact Author)

Lund University - Department of Business Administration ( email )

Box 117
SE-221 00 Lund, S-220 07
Sweden

University of Tokyo ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://sotaroshibayama.weebly.com/

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