Sharing Research Tools in Academia: The Case of Japan

Science and Public Policy, 38(8), 649-659, 2011

30 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2013

See all articles by Sotaro Shibayama

Sotaro Shibayama

Lund University - Department of Business Administration; University of Tokyo

Yasunori Baba

University of Tokyo

Date Written: July 20, 2011

Abstract

This study examines the sharing of research tools among academic scientists in the life sciences and materials sciences in Japan. First, this study investigates material transfer, or the sharing of research tools, based on individual-level negotiation. Statistical analyses suggest that supplier-side scientists decide whether or not to fulfill requests for material transfer on the basis of: expected return from consumer-side scientists (e.g., co-authorship), previous collaborative relationships, and the likelihood of scientific competition. Although studies in the US have indicated that the trend of academic capitalism or commercialization deters material transfer, our results show limited negative impact in this regard. Second, this study examines the use of central repositories of research tools as a means to the wider dissemination of such tools. The results suggest that entrepreneurial scientists and scientists in public research organizations are more willing to provide their research tools through this publicly accessible system.

Keywords: Material transfer, Science policy, Japan, Life sciences

JEL Classification: O38

Suggested Citation

Shibayama, Sotaro and Baba, Yasunori, Sharing Research Tools in Academia: The Case of Japan (July 20, 2011). Science and Public Policy, 38(8), 649-659, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2287062

Sotaro Shibayama (Contact Author)

Lund University - Department of Business Administration ( email )

Box 117
SE-221 00 Lund, S-220 07
Sweden

University of Tokyo ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://sotaroshibayama.weebly.com/

Yasunori Baba

University of Tokyo ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo 113-0033, Tokyo
Japan

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