Pre-Licensure Examination for Teachers: An Application of Rasch Analysis
The International Journal of Educational and Psychologcial Assessment, Vol. 11, No. 2, September 2012
16 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Date Written: September 1, 2012
The purpose of the present study is to construct and validate a pre-licensure examination for the primary and secondary pre-service teachers that include the professional education courses based on the areas covered in the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) in the Philippines using the Rasch analysis. The professional education courses included were: (1) The teaching profession, (2) social dimension of education, (3) principles of teaching, (4) educational technology, (5) curriculum development, (6) facilitating human learning, (7) child and adolescent development, and (8) assessment of student learning. The proposed test will be useful in the review sessions conducted among graduating and graduate students in preparation for their actual licensure examination. The test was administered to 100 graduating students of Teacher Education department in a province in the Philippines. Rasch measurement was utilized to substantiate the validity of the test. The test obtained moderate person reliability (.57) and high items reliability (.96). All the items fit the Rasch analysis except for one items in the test. The person separation index (1.14, RMSE=.26) can moderately discriminate the person ability while the item separation index (4.97, RMSE=.29) can highly discriminate. The item map showed that person abilities are clustered in the middle of the scale while the items were spread all over the scale. Two extreme items were found on top and at the bottom of the scale.
Keywords: Rasch model, licensure examination, professional education courses
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