The Role of University Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation

University of Zurich, Institute of Business Administration, UZH Business Working Paper No. 332

40 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2014

See all articles by Ann-Kathrine Ejsing

Ann-Kathrine Ejsing

Danish Insurance Association

Ulrich Kaiser

University of Zurich; ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research; University of Copenhagen - Centre for Industrial Economics; Government of the Kingdom of Denmark - Centre for Economic and Business Research

Hans Christian Kongsted

University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic and Business Research

Keld Laursen

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Industrial Economics & Strategy (IVS)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 7, 2013

Abstract

Scientific knowledge is an important ingredient in the innovation process. Drawing on the knowledge-based view of the firm and the literature on the relationship between science and technology, this paper scrutinizes the importance of university scientists’ mobility for firms’ innovative activities. Combining patent data and matched employer-employee data for Danish firms, we can track the labor mobility of R&D workers from 1999 to 2004. We find that new joiners contribute more than long-term employees to innovative activity in the focal firm. Among new firm recruits, we observe that newly hired former university researchers contribute more to innovative activity than newly hired recent graduates or joiners from firms, but only in firms with a high level of absorptive capacity in the form of recent experience of hiring university researchers. We find also that firms’ recent experience of hiring university researchers enhances the effect of newly hired recent graduates’ contributions to innovation.

Keywords: Innovative activity, the science-technology relationship, labor mobility

JEL Classification: O33, O34, C23

Suggested Citation

Ejsing, Ann-Kathrine and Kaiser, Ulrich and Kongsted, Hans Christian and Laursen, Keld, The Role of University Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation (February 7, 2013). University of Zurich, Institute of Business Administration, UZH Business Working Paper No. 332. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2289315 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2289315

Ann-Kathrine Ejsing

Danish Insurance Association ( email )

Ulrich Kaiser (Contact Author)

University of Zurich ( email )

Rämistrasse 71
Zürich, CH-8006
Switzerland

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

University of Copenhagen - Centre for Industrial Economics ( email )

University of Copenhagen, Building 26
Øster Farimagsgade 5
Copenhagen K., DK-1353
Denmark

Government of the Kingdom of Denmark - Centre for Economic and Business Research ( email )

Langelinie Alli 17
DK-2100 Copenhagen
Denmark

Hans Christian Kongsted

University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics ( email )

Øster Farimagsgade 5
Bygning 26
1353 Copenhagen K.
Denmark

Centre for Economic and Business Research

Langelinie Alli 17
DK-2100 Copenhagen
Denmark

Keld Laursen

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Industrial Economics & Strategy (IVS) ( email )

Howitzvej 60, 6
Frederiksberg, DK-2000
Denmark
+45 38152565 (Phone)

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