Learning and Innovation in the Electronics and Garment Industries in Malaysia
Rajah Rasiah (2012) “Learning and Innovation in the Electronics and Garment Industries in Malaysia”, Edmund Aman and John Cantwell (eds), Innovative Firms, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Posted: 5 Jul 2013
Date Written: 2012
This chapter seeks to examine comparatively technological learning in the technology creating industry of electronics and the technology using industry of garments in Malaysia by deploying an inductive research framework and a typology of taxonomies and trajectories to capture the drivers of learning and innovation. Technical change is then analysed through proxies that capture its intensity embodied in employees, processes and organization, and products. The technological capabilities of firms in both industries improved over 2000-2007. In particular, semiconductor and woven garment firms also progressed significantly to participate in the higher levels of knowledge intensities over the period 1974-2007. However, only a handful of firms in both industries reported participation in the highest knowledge levels. Whereas garment manufacturing is likely to contract further given its increasing returns properties efforts must be taken to stimulate firms’ movement into the highest knowledge levels in electronics.
Keywords: innovation, technological capabilities, electronics, garments, Malaysia
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