Cross-National Variations in Undeclared Work: Results from a Survey of 27 European Countries

International Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 46–63, 2008

18 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2013

See all articles by Colin Williams

Colin Williams

University of Sheffield - School of Management

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

Until now, those seeking to undertake a cross-national comparison of undeclared work have had to rely on tenuous proxy indicators, such as the amount of cash in circulation or the amount of electricity consumed, due to the absence of direct survey evidence. In 2007, however, the first cross-national survey of the extent and nature of undeclared work was undertaken with 26,659 face-to-face interviews conducted in 27 European Union member states. Evaluating its findings, this paper charts not only the marked cross-national variations in the level of participation in undeclared work but also the contrasting character of undeclared work in different regions and countries as well as how suppliers and consumers’ motives for participating in undeclared work vary cross-nationally. The outcome is a fresh understanding of the extent and nature of undeclared work in the EU that is very different to the picture painted previously by those relying on indirect surrogate indicators.

Keywords: undeclared work, Europe, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, informal employment, underground economy

JEL Classification: O17, H26, H31

Suggested Citation

Williams, Colin, Cross-National Variations in Undeclared Work: Results from a Survey of 27 European Countries (2008). International Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 46–63, 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2290065 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290065

Colin Williams (Contact Author)

University of Sheffield - School of Management ( email )

15 Conduit Road
Sheffield, S10 1FL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/management/staff/williams/index

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