Youth Employment in Africa: New Evidence and Policies from Swaziland

23 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2013

See all articles by Zuzana Brixiova

Zuzana Brixiova

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - European Department; African Development Bank

Thierry Kangoye

African Development Bank

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Drawing on the 2007 and 2010 Swaziland Labor Force Surveys, this paper provides first systematic evidence on recent youth employment challenges in Swaziland, a small, land-locked, middle-income country with one of the highest youth unemployment rates in Africa. The paper first documents the various labor market disadvantages faced by the Swazi youth, such as high unemployment and discouragement, and how they changed from 2007 to 2010. A multinomial logit regression analysis is then carried out to analyze the socio-economic drivers of the unfavorable youth labor market outcomes on the supply side. Since many of the factors that can unlock the employment potential of the Swazi youth are on the demand side of the labor market, the paper examines the barriers to job creation and youth entrepreneurship. It concludes with experiences of other countries that could inform design of more effective interventions for youth employment in Swaziland.

Keywords: youth employment and entrepreneurship, multivariate analysis, policies, Africa

JEL Classification: J11, J08, L26, O11

Suggested Citation

Brixiova, Zuzana and Kangoye, Thierry, Youth Employment in Africa: New Evidence and Policies from Swaziland. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7467, Available at SSRN: or

Zuzana Brixiova (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - European Department ( email )

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Thierry Kangoye

African Development Bank ( email )

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