Beyond Necessity-Driven versus Opportunity-Driven Entrepreneurship: A Study of Informal Entrepreneurs in England, Russia and Ukraine
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 157-166, 2008
10 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2013
Date Written: 2008
To evaluate critically the conventional view that entrepreneurs are either necessity- or opportunity-driven, empirical data is reported from England, Ukraine and Russia on the motives of a specific group of entrepreneurs, namely those operating wholly or partially in the informal economy. Finding that for the vast majority both necessity- and opportunity-drivers are involved in their decision to start-up enterprises along with a clear shift from necessity- to opportunity-oriented motivations as their ventures became more established, the paper concludes by discussing the public policy implications of these findings.
Keywords: informal economy, entrepreneurship, venture creation, Ukraine, Russia, England, informal sector, enterprise development
JEL Classification: O17, K42, R20, O17, H26, H31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation