Neighbours and Extension Agents in Ethiopia: Who Matters More for Technology Diffusion?

40 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2013

See all articles by Pramila Krishnan

Pramila Krishnan

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Manasa Patnam

CREST (ENSAE)

Date Written: July 2013

Abstract

The increased adoption of fertiliser and improved seeds are key to raising land productivity in Ethiopian agriculture. However, as in much of sub-Saharan Africa, the adoption and diffusion of such technologies has been slow. We use data from the Ethiopia between 1999-2009 to examine the role of learning from extension agents versus neighbours for both improved seeds and fertiliser. We use the structure of spatial networks of farmers and panel data to identify these influences and find that while the initial impact of extension agents was high, the effect wore off, in contrast to learning from neighbours.

Keywords: diffusion, social learning, social networks

JEL Classification: C31, Q16

Suggested Citation

Krishnan, Pramila and Patnam, Manasa, Neighbours and Extension Agents in Ethiopia: Who Matters More for Technology Diffusion? (July 2013). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9539, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2291340

Pramila Krishnan (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Manor Road Building
Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 3BJ
United Kingdom

Manasa Patnam

CREST (ENSAE) ( email )

92245 Malakoff Cedex
France

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