Why Do Nurses Intend to Leave Their Organization? A Large Scale Analysis in Long Term Care
Journal of Advanced Nursing 69(12), 2826–2838
24 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2013 Last revised: 17 Nov 2013
Date Written: 2013
Aim: To analyze the impact of six job characteristics on the intention of nurses to leave their organization, specifically focusing on long term care settings: nursing homes, care homes and home care.
Background: When nurses leave their organization, this can negatively affect organizational performance. Organizations have to recruit new nurses and tacit knowledge is lost. Furthermore, organizational turnover could contribute to the nursing shortage, which will increasingly become a problem given the aging population. This article adds to the literature, given a) its focus on long term care and b) by explicating the differences between nursing and care homes (intramural) on the one hand and home care (extramural) on the other.
Method: Survey of 9,982 nurses in 156 Dutch organizations in 2010-2011, 6,321 nurses in nursing and care homes and 3,661 nurses working in home care, based on the ActiZ Benchmark in Healthcare.
Results: Firstly, the most important reason for nurses’ intention to leave is insufficient development and career opportunities. Secondly, a negative working atmosphere strongly influenced intention to leave. The impact of the working atmosphere is not often examined in the literature. However, this research shows that it is an important reason. Thirdly, intention to leave is partly context dependent. More specifically, when nurses in home care felt that their autonomy was reduced, this strongly influenced their intention to leave, while this was not the case for nurses working in nursing and care homes.
Conclusion: This article provides guidelines for organizations on how to retain their nurses.
Keywords: Nurses, intention to leave the organization, turnover, leadership, quality of work, autonomy, long term care, nursing homes, care homes, home care
JEL Classification: D73, D78, J2, J28, J58, J68, M12, M00, M12, O2, O32, O3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation