A Theory of Just-in-Time and the Growth in Manufacturing Trade

37 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2013

Date Written: January 2013


This paper argues the widespread adoption of Just-in-Time (JIT) logistics provides a key to understanding the growth in the U.S. trade share. To do so, I develop a dynamic trade model based on the choice of the logistics technology used in a firm's supply chain. The model's predicted trade dynamics depend on how the set of firms using JIT with international suppliers changes over time. A numerical example shows the model is capable of generating growth in the trade share. I present evidence showing the theory is consistent with aggregate data as well as industry-level panel data.

Keywords: trade growth, Just-in-Time, newsvendor problem, airplane transportation

JEL Classification: F10, F14, L60, M11

Suggested Citation

Dalton, John T., A Theory of Just-in-Time and the Growth in Manufacturing Trade (January 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2292177 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2292177

John T. Dalton (Contact Author)

Wake Forest University ( email )

Winston-Salem, NC 27109
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.wfu.edu/~daltonjt

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