Universities' Role as Knowledge Sources for Product Innovations

38 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2013  

Kohei Nishikawa

Setsunan University

Daisuke Kanama

Hokkaido Information University

Date Written: July 2013

Abstract

This study verified innovation objectives for Japanese SMEs' access to university knowledge the effects of university knowledge on innovation outcomes. The analysis found the following three points. First, Japanese SMEs do not access university knowledge strategically according to innovation objectives but decide whether to use university knowledge in consideration of such factors as proactive R&D spending, financial constraints on innovations and the effectiveness of legal means to secure profit from innovations. Next, product innovations for "improving product or service quality," "expanding product or service lineups," "replacing existing products or services" and "exploring new markets" can lead to financial successes without university knowledge, rather than with such knowledge. Finally, the utilization of university knowledge does not necessarily lead to greater technological capabilities. In Japan, science, technology and innovation policy has strongly encouraged university-industry collaboration from later 1990’s aiming to support innovation activities for SMEs. The results of this study do not confirm the total effects of the policy.

Keywords: product innovation, knowledge source, university, innovation objectives, SME

Suggested Citation

Nishikawa, Kohei and Kanama, Daisuke, Universities' Role as Knowledge Sources for Product Innovations (July 2013). Tokyo Center for Economic Research (TCER) Paper No. E-56. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2292532 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2292532

Kohei Nishikawa (Contact Author)

Setsunan University ( email )

17-8 Ikedanaka-machi
Neyagawa City, Osaka 572-8508
Japan

Daisuke Kanama

Hokkaido Information University ( email )

Nishinopporo 59-2
Ebetsu, Hokkaido 069-8585
Japan

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