Challenges for Regional Innovation Policies in CEE Countries: Spatial Concentration and Foreign Control of US Patenting

29 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2013 Last revised: 17 Jul 2013

See all articles by Balázs Lengyel

Balázs Lengyel

Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) - Institute of Economics CERS-HAS (IEHAS); International Business School - Budapest (IBS)

Tamás Sebestyén

MTA-PTE Innovation and Economic Growth Research Group

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

Date Written: July 15, 2013

Abstract

Using techniques of data collection and mapping as overlays to Google Maps – on the basis of patent information available online at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) – we point at two major and interconnected challenges that policy-makers face in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) when combating the lagging innovation performance. First, we address the spatial concentration by using a distribution analysis at the city level. The results suggest that patenting is concentrated in post-socialist territories more than in western nations and regions. However, there is not a single outstanding hub in CEE when one compares USPTO patents normalized for the respective population sizes. Secondly, we argue that dominance of foreign control over USPTO patents is mostly embodied in international co-operations at the individual level, and only rarely spilled-over to MNE subsidiaries. In our opinion, catching-up of CEE in terms of patenting is unlikely, unless innovation policy measures focus on growing hubs and target both domestic inventors and international relations of companies.

Keywords: patents, map, Central and Eastern Europe, Germany, post-socialism

Suggested Citation

Lengyel, Balázs and Sebestyén, Tamás and Leydesdorff, Loet, Challenges for Regional Innovation Policies in CEE Countries: Spatial Concentration and Foreign Control of US Patenting (July 15, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2293845 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2293845

Balázs Lengyel (Contact Author)

Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) - Institute of Economics CERS-HAS (IEHAS) ( email )

Budaorsi ut 45
Budapest, 1112
Hungary

International Business School - Budapest (IBS) ( email )

Záhony utca 7.
Budapest, 1031
Hungary

Tamás Sebestyén

MTA-PTE Innovation and Economic Growth Research Group ( email )

Rakoczi 80
Pecs, 7622
Hungary

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) ( email )

PO Box 15793
Amsterdam, 1001 NG
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.leydesdorff.net

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