The Six Faces of Transparency

23 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2013

See all articles by Anoeska Buijze

Anoeska Buijze

Utrecht University - School of Law

Date Written: July 12, 2013


The principle of transparency is something of an oddity in EU law. Indeed, some doubt that there is one general principle of transparency. The importance of transparency within the EU can be established beyond a doubt, and it is prevalent in numerous fields of EU law, but the obligations that are derived therefrom vary wildly. This makes it hard to get a good grasp of what the principle requires. It is possible to bring some system into this chaos, though. The author identifies two mechanisms by which transparency brings about the many positive consequences that have been attributed to it and combines them with the normative frameworks that guide the relation between public authorities and EU citizens into six categories of transparency obligations. Each of these categories has a distinct goal, and suggests a different answer to the questions one is faced with when confronted with a demand to be ‘transparent’.

Keywords: transparency, EU, homo dignus, homo economicus, citoyen

Suggested Citation

Buijze, Anoeska, The Six Faces of Transparency (July 12, 2013). Utrecht Law Review, Vol. 9, No. 3, p. 3-25, July 2013. Available at SSRN:

Anoeska Buijze (Contact Author)

Utrecht University - School of Law ( email )

3508 TC Utrecht

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