Countering Hybrid Eco-Threats to Global Security Under International Law: The Need for a Comprehensive Legal Approach

Liverpool Law Rev (2013) 33: – DOI 10.1007/s10991-012-9120-x

16 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2013 Last revised: 15 Jan 2014

See all articles by Joachim Sanden

Joachim Sanden

Leuphana University of Lueneburg

Sascha Dov Bachmann

Bournemouth University - The Media School; Swedish Defence University (FHS); Bournemouth University

Date Written: May 20, 2013

Abstract

Threats to environmental security (‘eco-threats’) face shortcomings in terms of possible responses under the legal premise of environmental protection during hostilities under the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). Considering the new ‘Hybrid Threat’ concept, which has recently been discussed by NATO, the authors recognise from the perspective of International Environmental Law (IEL) the need for adopting a comprehensive legal approach towards such threats. In the focus is the rule of law, in particular the principle of proportionality. IEL can play a role when countering such threats and legal rules can have a positive effect on the international community’s ability to act.

Keywords: eco threats, hybrid threats, ecp threats during hostilities, NATO's hybrid threat experiment, eco law fare

Suggested Citation

Sanden, Joachim and Bachmann, Sascha-Dominik Oliver Vladimir, Countering Hybrid Eco-Threats to Global Security Under International Law: The Need for a Comprehensive Legal Approach (May 20, 2013). Liverpool Law Rev (2013) 33: – DOI 10.1007/s10991-012-9120-x . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2294352 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2294352

Joachim Sanden

Leuphana University of Lueneburg ( email )

Scharnhorststraße 1
Wilschenbrucher Weg 69
Lüneburg, 21335
Germany

Sascha-Dominik Oliver Vladimir Bachmann (Contact Author)

Bournemouth University - The Media School ( email )

Bournemouth, BH12 5BB
United Kingdom

Swedish Defence University (FHS) ( email )

114 28, Drottning Kristinas väg 37
Stockholm, 114 28
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://https://bournemouth.academia.edu/SaschaDominikBachmann

Bournemouth University ( email )

Bournemouth, BH1
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://staffprofiles.bournemouth.ac.uk/display/sbachmann

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