Countering Hybrid Eco-Threats to Global Security Under International Law: The Need for a Comprehensive Legal Approach
Liverpool Law Rev (2013) 33: – DOI 10.1007/s10991-012-9120-x
16 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2013 Last revised: 15 Jan 2014
Date Written: May 20, 2013
Threats to environmental security (‘eco-threats’) face shortcomings in terms of possible responses under the legal premise of environmental protection during hostilities under the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). Considering the new ‘Hybrid Threat’ concept, which has recently been discussed by NATO, the authors recognise from the perspective of International Environmental Law (IEL) the need for adopting a comprehensive legal approach towards such threats. In the focus is the rule of law, in particular the principle of proportionality. IEL can play a role when countering such threats and legal rules can have a positive effect on the international community’s ability to act.
Keywords: eco threats, hybrid threats, ecp threats during hostilities, NATO's hybrid threat experiment, eco law fare
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