Regulatory Reform and Risk-Taking: Replacing Ratings
44 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2013 Last revised: 3 Sep 2014
Date Written: September 2, 2014
We analyze a reform of insurance companies’ capital requirements for mortgage-backed securities. First, credit ratings were replaced as inputs to capital regulation. Second, the redesigned system ensures capital buffers sufficient to withstand expected losses, but insufficient to protect against adverse outcomes. Many bonds are now treated as riskless and require minimal capital. By 2012, aggregate capital requirements for mortgage-backed securities have been reduced from $19.36bn (had the previous system been maintained) to $3.73bn. Exploiting that the change did not affect other asset classes, we document that insurers’ risk taking was distorted and increased in response to the new regulation.
Note: (A previous version of this paper was entitled "Replacing Ratings")
Keywords: Financial Regulation, Rating Agencies, Alternatives to Credit Ratings, Financial Crisis, Insurance Industry, Capital Regulation, Dodd-Frank Act
JEL Classification: G28, G22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation