Governmental and Independent Venture Capital Investments in Europe: A Firm-Level Performance Analysis
54 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2013 Last revised: 11 Mar 2017
Date Written: June 30, 2014
This paper examines the impact of government versus private independent venture capital (VC) backing on the exit performance of entrepreneurial firms. Our analyses are based on the VICO dataset, which avoids the coding problems of VC type in the Thompson Financial SDC dataset. The data indicate that private independent VC-backed companies have better exit performance than government-backed companies. Mixed-syndicates of private-independent and governmental VC investors give rise to a higher (but not statistically different) likelihood of positive exits than that of IVC-backing. Our findings are not influenced by the composition of the syndicate in terms of size and institutional heterogeneity. Our results remain stable after controlling for endogeneity concerns, selection bias, omitted variables bias, legal and institutional differences across countries and over time through several econometric techniques. Moreover, our results are not driven by: i) the holding period of the different types of VC investors; ii) the potential signaling effect of GVC towards IVC investors; iii) the firm's financial structure and net cash-flow ratio; iv) the investment stage; v) the distance between the VC investor and the target company.
Keywords: independent venture capital; governmental venture capital; syndication; exit performance; public-private partnership
JEL Classification: G24, G3, M13
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