Does Economic Globalization Affect Regional Inequality? A Cross-Country Analysis

50 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2013

See all articles by Roberto Ezcurra

Roberto Ezcurra

University of Navarra

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Geography and Environment

Date Written: July 2013

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between economic globalization and regional inequality in a panel of 47 countries over the period 1990-2007, using a measure of globalization that distinguishes the different dimensions of economic integration. The results show that there is a positive and statistically significant association between economic globalization and the magnitude of regional disparities. Countries with a greater degree of economic integration with the rest of the world tend to register higher levels of regional inequality. This finding is robust to the inclusion of additional explanatory variables and to the choice of the specific measure used to quantify the relevance of spatial inequality within the sample countries. Our analysis also reveals that the spatial impact of economic globalization is greater in low- and middle-income countries, whose levels of regional disparities are on average significantly higher than in high-income countries.

Keywords: Economic globalization, Regional inequality

JEL Classification: F15, F60, R11, R12

Suggested Citation

Ezcurra, Roberto and Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés, Does Economic Globalization Affect Regional Inequality? A Cross-Country Analysis (July 2013). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9557, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2294816

Roberto Ezcurra (Contact Author)

University of Navarra ( email )

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Geography and Environment ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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