The Wind Farm Layout Optimization Problem
Handbook of Wind Power Systems, 2011
18 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2013 Last revised: 17 Jul 2014
Date Written: December 2, 2011
An important phase of a wind farm design is solving the Wind Farm Layout Optimization Problem (WFLOP), which consists in optimally positioning the turbines within the wind farm so that the wake effects are minimized and therefore the expected power production maximized. Although this problem has been receiving increasing attention from the scientific community, the existing approaches do not completely respond to the needs of a wind farm developer, mainly because they do not address construction and logistical issues. This paper describes the WFLOP, gives an overview on the existing work, and discusses the challenges that may be overcome by future research.
Keywords: wind farm layout, wake effects, wind turbine, optimization, genetic algorithms
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