The Information Value of Credit Rating Action Reports: A Textual Analysis
Management Science, 2016, Vol 62 (8), 2218-2240
50 Pages Posted: 23 Jul 2013 Last revised: 4 Jan 2017
Date Written: January 1, 2016
We examine if Standard & Poor’s (S&P) credit rating action reports contain new default-related information beyond credit rating actions such as rating changes, Credit Watch and Outlook. We find that the net linguistic tone (negative minus positive tone) in the reports is significantly and negatively related to abnormal returns and predicts future rating changes. We discover that the provision of tone does not seem to be inflated by the conventional proxies of conflict of interest faced by S&P as higher conflict of interest is related to more negative net tone. Moreover, the tone can predict future rating changes even when conflict of interest is high. Overall, our study reveals novel evidence on the information value of credit rating action reports.
Keywords: Credit Ratings; Credit Rating Agencies; Credit Rating Reports; Linguistic Tone
JEL Classification: G2, G24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation