Incentivizing Schooling for Learning: Evidence on the Impact of Alternative Targeting Approaches

40 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Felipe Barrera-Osorio

Felipe Barrera-Osorio

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education

Deon Filmer

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: July 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper evaluates a primary school scholarship program in Cambodia with two different targeting mechanisms, one based on poverty level and the other on baseline test scores ( "merit" ). Both targeting mechanisms increased enrollment and attendance. However, only the merit-based targeting induced positive effects on test scores. The paper shows that the asymmetry of response is unlikely to have been driven by differences between recipients' characteristics. Higher student and family effort among beneficiaries of the merit-based scholarships suggest that the framing of the scholarship mattered for impact. The results suggest that in order to balance equity and efficiency, a two-step targeting approach might be preferable: first, target low-income individuals, and then, among them, target based on merit.

Keywords: Tertiary Education, Secondary Education, Teaching and Learning, Primary Education, Education For All

Suggested Citation

Barrera-Osorio, Felipe and Filmer, Deon, Incentivizing Schooling for Learning: Evidence on the Impact of Alternative Targeting Approaches (July 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6541. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2297746

Felipe Barrera-Osorio (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education ( email )

456 Gutman Library
6 appian way
cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Deon Filmer

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://go.worldbank.org/MRWPOHRQJ0

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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