Juries, Lay Judges, and Trials

Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd, eds.). NY: Springer Science and Business Media, Forthcoming.

Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-87

12 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2013 Last revised: 3 Aug 2016

See all articles by Toby S. Goldbach

Toby S. Goldbach

University of British Columbia, Allard School of Law

Valerie P. Hans

Cornell University - School of Law

Date Written: July 25, 2013

Abstract

“Juries, Lay Judges, and Trials” describes the widespread practice of including ordinary citizens as legal decision makers in the criminal trial. In some countries, lay persons serve as jurors and determine the guilt and occasionally the punishment of the accused. In others, citizens decide cases together with professional judges in mixed decision-making bodies. What is more, a number of countries have introduced or reintroduced systems employing juries or lay judges, often as part of comprehensive reform in emerging democracies. Becoming familiar with the job of the juror or lay citizen in a criminal trial is thus essential for understanding contemporary criminal justice systems in many countries. This article reviews procedures for selecting jurors and lay judges and outlines lay participation in fact finding and in sentencing phases of the criminal trial. It also assesses the promises and challenges of lay participation in law. Reviewing and evaluating the effects of the different approaches that countries have taken to incorporating lay citizens, it reflects on whether the goals of democratic deliberation are being met in both jury and lay judge systems. It concludes with suggestions for future directions for research. The final publication is available at Springerlink.

Keywords: jury, criminal trial, lay participation, democracy, comparative law

Suggested Citation

Goldbach, Toby Susan and Hans, Valerie P., Juries, Lay Judges, and Trials (July 25, 2013). Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd, eds.). NY: Springer Science and Business Media, Forthcoming. ; Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-87. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2298428

Toby Susan Goldbach (Contact Author)

University of British Columbia, Allard School of Law ( email )

1822 East Mall
The University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1
Canada
6048271891 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.allard.ubc.ca/faculty-staff/toby-s-goldbach

Valerie P. Hans

Cornell University - School of Law ( email )

Myron Taylor Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853-4901
United States
607-255-0095 (Phone)

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