Gender Differences in the Effects of Vocational Training: Constraints on Women and Drop-Out Behavior

48 Pages Posted: 19 May 2019

See all articles by Yoonyoung Cho

Yoonyoung Cho

World Bank

Davie Kalomba

Malawi National AIDS Commission

Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

Yale School of Management; Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Victor Orozco-Olvera

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper provides experimental evidence on the effects of vocational and entrepreneurial training for Malawian youth, in an environment where access to schooling and formal sector employment is extremely low. It tracks a large fraction of program drop-outs -- a common phenomenon in the training evaluation literature -- and examines the determinants and consequences of dropping out and how it mediates the effects of such programs. The analysis finds that women make decisions in a more constrained environment, and their participation is affected by family obligations. Participation is more expensive for them, resulting in worse training experience. The training results in skills development, continued investment in human capital, and improved well-being, with more positive effects for men, but no improvements in labor market outcomes in the short run.

Keywords: Gender and Development, Employment and Unemployment, Vocational & Technical Education, Vocational Education & Technical Training

Suggested Citation

Cho, Yoonyoung and Kalomba, Davie and Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq and Orozco-Olvera, Victor H., Gender Differences in the Effects of Vocational Training: Constraints on Women and Drop-Out Behavior (July 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6545. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2298483

Yoonyoung Cho

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Davie Kalomba

Malawi National AIDS Commission

Malawi

Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

Yale School of Management ( email )

135 Prospect Street
P.O. Box 208200
New Haven, CT 06520-8200
United States
203-432-5787 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://mba.yale.edu/faculty/profiles/mobarak.shtml

Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Box 208281
New Haven, CT 06520-8281
United States

Victor H. Orozco-Olvera

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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