What is Democracy? A Reconceptualization of the Quality of Democracy

37 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2013 Last revised: 15 Aug 2014

See all articles by Gerardo L. Munck

Gerardo L. Munck

University of Southern California

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Date Written: 2014


Works on the quality of democracy propose standards for evaluating politics beyond those encompassed by a minimal definition of democracy. Yet, what is the quality of democracy? This article first reconstructs and assesses current conceptualizations of the quality of democracy. Thereafter, it reconceptualises the quality of democracy by equating it with democracy pure and simple, positing that democracy is a synthesis of political freedom and political equality, and spelling out the implications of this substantive assumption. The proposal is to broaden the concept of democracy to address two additional spheres: government decision-making — political institutions are democratic inasmuch as a majority of citizens can change the status quo — and the social environment of politics — the social context cannot turn the principles of political freedom and equality into mere formalities. Alternative specifications of democratic standards are considered and reasons for discarding them are provided.

Keywords: democracy, electoral democracy, quality of democracy, comparative politics

Suggested Citation

Munck, Gerardo L., What is Democracy? A Reconceptualization of the Quality of Democracy (2014). IPSA Committee on Concepts and Methods Working Paper Series # 60 (2014), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2299128 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2299128

Gerardo L. Munck (Contact Author)

University of Southern California ( email )

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