Spatial, Temporal and Spatio-Temporal Clustering of Democracy and Autocracy

34 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2013

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

Democracy, or regime type in general, clusters: there are clear temporal and spatial patterns visible in the spread of democracy across the world. Transitions to democracy and autocracy cannot be seen in isolation and spatial interdependence has to be taken into account. These statements are well established in the empirical literature on democratization. This article highlights the conceptual distinction between spatial, temporal, and spatio-temporal forms of clustering. Multivariate empirical analyses demonstrate that different clustering patterns, at different lag specifications, apply to a different extent to transitions to democracy and transitions to autocracy.

Keywords: diffusion, democratization, spatial autocorrelation, spatial regression

Suggested Citation

Elkink, Johan A., Spatial, Temporal and Spatio-Temporal Clustering of Democracy and Autocracy (2013). APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper; American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2299194

Johan A. Elkink (Contact Author)

University College Dublin (UCD) ( email )

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