Trans-National Democratic Innovation in the European Union: Flirting with Deliberative and Plebiscitary Design
21 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2013
Date Written: 2013
The Treaty of the European Union has ushered in a new trans-national democratic institution: the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI). Prior to this plebiscitary innovation, the EU had experimented with a series of trans-national deliberative designs. This paper explores the emergence and impact of these very different democratic innovations which aim to increase and deepen citizen participation in the European political process. Particular attention is paid to the role of the aborted European Constitution in affecting the trajectory of democratic reform. The paper offers an analysis of the democratic characteristics of these different deliberative and plebiscitary designs, in particular their potential to realise trans-national citizenship.
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