Conflict and Fisheries in the Lake Victoria Basin: A Coupled Natural and Human Systems Approach

30 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2013

See all articles by Sarah M. Glaser

Sarah M. Glaser

University of Denver - Josef Korbel School of International Studies

Cullen S. Hendrix

University of Denver - Josef Korbel School of International Studies; Peterson Institute for International Economics

Les Kaufman

Boston University

Catherine Mahoney

College of William and Mary

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

Conflict scholars are increasingly cognizant that both natural resource exploitation and food security are linked to conflict in complex, dynamic ways. However, extant research has typically ignored the importance of conflict location in determining whether armed conflict leads to increased or decreased resource exploitation, and how changes in resource exploitation feed back into conflict dynamics. We develop a theoretical model in which conflict and fisheries are linked through mechanisms such as population displacement, labor redeployment, and food prices that contain strong feedbacks. Food prices, demand, access to resources, and conflict location shape the process of fishing effort, while food-web interactions and environmental variables affect fish catch. We focus on the importance of conflict location. Conflict can either depress or amplify fishing effort depending on the proximity of conflict to fishing areas and its impacts on local food markets. In addition to these direct effects on human and livelihood security, our analysis demonstrates that conflicts in the region have been a significant driver of ecosystem change and have important implications for natural resource management.

Keywords: fisheries, conflict, Uganda, coupled natural and human systems, civil war, Nile perch

Suggested Citation

Glaser, Sarah M. and Hendrix, Cullen S. and Kaufman, Les and Mahoney, Catherine, Conflict and Fisheries in the Lake Victoria Basin: A Coupled Natural and Human Systems Approach (2013). APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper; American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2300188

Sarah M. Glaser

University of Denver - Josef Korbel School of International Studies ( email )

Denver, CO 80208
United States

Cullen S. Hendrix (Contact Author)

University of Denver - Josef Korbel School of International Studies ( email )

Denver, CO 80208
United States

Peterson Institute for International Economics ( email )

1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Les Kaufman

Boston University ( email )

595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States

Catherine Mahoney

College of William and Mary ( email )

P.O. Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23185
United States

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