Balancing Integration Obligations and Welfare Rights: An Examination of Membership Policy in Three European Countries

39 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2013

See all articles by Gregory Baldi

Gregory Baldi

Western Illinois University

Sara Wallace Goodman

University of California, Irvine - Department of Political Science

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

Immigration has had an incomparable impact across policy planes in European nation-states, of which immigrant integration and social policy stand out. While a burgeoning literature has explored the widespread “civic turn,” most-different states have adopted mandatory language and country knowledge requirements as a way to regulate access to legal status, less attention has been focused on comparable shifts in social policy. This paper examines the overlaps of and changes to civic integration and social policy as part of a critical rethinking of membership policies in the contemporary welfare state. We argue and find evidence to show that change in civic integration and social policy is not merely contemporaneous but interrelated. Moreover, while Western European states experience similar trends of integration promotion and benefit narrowing, they pursue policy design as part of different membership goals. An examination of policy developments in Britain, Germany, and Spain maps unique changes in civic integration policy alongside benefit access. We account for variation in membership policy by highlighting three interrelated factors: citizenship policy legacies, welfare state model, and the dynamics of party competition.

Suggested Citation

Baldi, Gregory and Goodman, Sara Wallace, Balancing Integration Obligations and Welfare Rights: An Examination of Membership Policy in Three European Countries (2013). APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper, American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2301612

Gregory Baldi

Western Illinois University ( email )

Sara Wallace Goodman (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine - Department of Political Science ( email )

Irvine, CA 92697
United States

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