Accountability and the Global Democratic Deficit
APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper
American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting
International organizations (IOs) such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund have come under increasing criticism for their democratic deficit. These IOs have the power to threaten human rights, but their leaders are not subject to democratic accountability through elections. The dilemma for democracy is that the existing system of accountability through states is inadequate to protect human rights, yet the global electoral democracy that many political theorists support is unrealistic. To reduce the democratic deficit, this paper offers a deliberative theory of accountability for international organizations that is more feasible than global elections, and more strongly protects human rights than accountability through states. It explains how deliberative public justification can provide the normative standards, right to evaluate, and corrective mechanisms needed to hold IOs more democratically accountable.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: Deliberative democracy, accountability, democratic deficit, international organizations, human rights, justification, World Bank, International Monetary Fund
Date posted: August 29, 2013 ; Last revised: September 9, 2013