Feed and Fodder Value Chains in Bihar: Some Empirical Evidences

18 Pages Posted: 28 Jul 2013

See all articles by Krishna M. Singh

Krishna M. Singh

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University

R. Singh

Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University

A. Jha

Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology

Abhay Kumar

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

Anjani Kumar

NCAP-ICAR

M. Meena

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

Date Written: July 27, 2013

Abstract

Livestock production, especially dairy, has long been an important activity for smallholder and resource-poor farmers in India, both for household nutrition and income. Most of the livestock are kept in mixed farming systems, where crop residues, mainly cereal straws have been an important feed resource. India is deficient in the supply of fodder, resulting in very low levels of productivity that limit marketable surplus of milk. In Bihar State, over 50% of the land area is planted to rice, and rice straw along with wheat straw and some pulse residues form the main animal feeds.

Recent studies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain have highlighted the problem of insufficient fodder and the poor nutritive value of fodder, a problem which becomes more acute in the more eastern parts of the region where agricultural resources–particularly arable land and water–become scarcer.

Fodder scarcity affects most farmers but is particularly acute for landless and those with access to only small area of land. Chronic feed deficit is the major constraint to animal production in Bihar. Most of the dairy farmers are smallholders having one or two local-breed milch animals, which are raised on crop residues and natural pastures with under-employed family labour. Feeding grains, oil cakes and green nutritious fodder are generally restricted to some crossbred cattle. The feed and fodder deficiencies, in fact, have been the main limiting factors in raising livestock productivity. The present study is an attempt to look into various issues of feed and fodder markets and the role of various stakeholders in fodder value chains.

Keywords: Feed, Fodder, Marketing, Feed Quality, Value chains, Bihar, India

JEL Classification: M31, O13, O17, Q1, Q13

Suggested Citation

Singh, Krishna M. and Singh, R. and Jha, Awadhesh and Kumar, Abhay and Kumar, Anjani and Meena, M., Feed and Fodder Value Chains in Bihar: Some Empirical Evidences (July 27, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2302259 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2302259

Krishna M. Singh (Contact Author)

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University ( email )

Pusa
Samastipur
Pusa-Samastipur, Bihar, Bihar 848125
India
+91-9431060157 (Phone)
+91-6274-240251 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rpcau.ac.in/

R. Singh

Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University ( email )

Samastipur, Pusa
Samastipur
Bihar, Bihar 848125
India

Awadhesh Jha

Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology ( email )

Patna 800 014
India

Abhay Kumar

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) ( email )

Krishi Bhavan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
Bangalore
India

Anjani Kumar

NCAP-ICAR ( email )

NCAP, DPS Marg
Pusa
New Delhi, 110012
India

HOME PAGE: http://www.ncap.res.in

M. Meena

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) ( email )

Krishi Bhavan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
Bangalore
India

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