Parental Time and Child Outcomes: Does Gender Matter?

32 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2013

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Anna Laura Mancini

Bank of Italy

Date Written: June 21, 2013

Abstract

Using different econometric specifications this paper analyzes the relationship between the time parents spend with their children, child-related expenditure and the results obtained by them, with particular attention to gender differences. The authors use PSID-CDS data from 1997 to 2007 and consider separately boys’ and girls’ test scores in reading and writing and math and logical reasoning. The amount of time mothers spend with children is always greater than fathers but changes over the life cycle of the children. In fact, the time mothers spend with children decreases as the child grows up and is greater with daughters, while the reverse is true of fathers. The estimates show that the impact of mothers’ and fathers’ time with children varies considerably with respect to the two cognitive tests, and is considerably greater in the case of highly-educated parents.

Keywords: time-use, cognitive ability, child development

JEL Classification: J13, D1

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Mancini, Anna Laura, Parental Time and Child Outcomes: Does Gender Matter? (June 21, 2013). Bank of Italy Occasional Paper No. 187. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2303654 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2303654

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Anna Laura Mancini (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

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