Le normative e le politiche regionali per la partecipazione delle donne al mercato del lavoro (Regional Laws and Policies for the Participation of Women in the Labour Market)

199 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2013

See all articles by Maria Lucia Stefani

Maria Lucia Stefani

Bank of Italy

Luciana Aimone Gigio

Bank of Italy

Giuseppe Albanese

Bank of Italy

Monica Amici

Bank of Italy

Marta Auricchio

Bank of Italy

Rosario Maria Ballatore

Bank of Italy

Carla Bertozzi

Bank of Italy

Manuela Calderini

Bank of Italy

Liliana Centoducati

Bank of Italy

Nicola Curci

Bank of Italy

Petra Degasperi

Bank of Italy

Silvia Del Prete

Bank of Italy

Pietro de Matteis

Bank of Italy

Sabrina Lucia Di Addario

Bank of Italy

Elena Gennari

Bank of Italy

Sabrina Ferretti

Bank of Italy

Giovanna Firpo

Bank of Italy

Michele Loberto

Bank of Italy

Claudio Salvatore Loreto

Bank of Italy

Elisabetta Manzoli

Bank of Italy

Vincenzo Mariani

Bank of Italy

Daniela Mele

Bank of Italy

Patrizia Passiglia

Bank of Italy

Achille Puggioni

Bank of Italy

Sonia Soncin

Bank of Italy

Giulia Tanzi

Bank of Italy

Anna Verrengia

Bank of Italy

Giovanni Vittorino

Bank of Italy; Università degli Studi di Udine

Date Written: June 21, 2013

Abstract

Con le riforme costituzionali del 2001 e 2003 le Regioni hanno assunto la potestà di legiferare per rimuovere gli ostacoli all’effettiva parità di genere. Le norme adottate sono spesso frammentate e solo in pochi casi costituiscono un quadro organico; inoltre la diffusa mancanza di previsioni di attività di monitoraggio o di un efficace apparato sanzionatorio rende carenti gli strumenti di tutela introdotti. Anche le politiche per l’occupazione dipendente, per l’imprenditoria e per la conciliazione vita-lavoro sono molto variegate. Con la crisi, le prime sono state fatte rientrare, quasi ovunque, nel più generale sostegno ai lavoratori svantaggiati, soprattutto con l’adesione ai programmi PARI e Welfare to work. Le donne ne hanno beneficiato in misura elevata anche se diversa da regione a regione. Negli interventi a favore dell’imprenditoria la connotazione femminile è rimasta più diffusa. Tra le politiche per la conciliazione, vi è stato un maggiore sforzo coordinato Stato-Regioni per favorire la diffusione di asili nido, ma l’Italia si mantiene lontana dagli obiettivi europei e il divario Nord-Sud non si è ridotto.

The constitutional reforms of 2001 and 2003 empowered the Italian regions to enact legislation aimed at removing barriers to effective gender equality. The laws they have adopted in this field are often fragmented – only in a few cases do they form a consistent, comprehensive framework – and the general lack of monitoring and absence of an effective sanctioning system make enforcement deficient. Policies for employment, for entrepreneurship and for work-life balance also differ widely among the regions. With the crisis, policies for female employment have generally been subsumed under the more general framework of support for disadvantaged workers, particularly with participation in the PARI and Welfare to Work programmes. Women have benefited extensively from these programmes, albeit with differences from region to region. Policies for entrepreneurship remain more female-oriented. Despite coordination between the central government and the regions, Italy remains far from the European targets for childcare provision and the North-South gap has not narrowed.

Note: Downloadable document is in Italian.

Keywords: gender economy, labor policies, work-life balance

JEL Classification: J16, J13, J68

Suggested Citation

Stefani, Maria Lucia and Aimone Gigio, Luciana and Albanese, Giuseppe and Amici, Monica and Auricchio, Marta and Ballatore, Rosario Maria and Bertozzi, Carla and Calderini, Manuela and Centoducati, Liliana and Curci, Nicola and Degasperi, Petra and Del Prete, Silvia and de Matteis, Pietro and Di Addario, Sabrina Lucia and Gennari, Elena and Ferretti, Sabrina and Firpo, Giovanna and Loberto, Michele and Loreto, Claudio Salvatore and Manzoli, Elisabetta and Mariani, Vincenzo and Mele, Daniela and Passiglia, Patrizia and Puggioni, Achille and Soncin, Sonia and Tanzi, Giulia and Verrengia, Anna and Vittorino, Giovanni, Le normative e le politiche regionali per la partecipazione delle donne al mercato del lavoro (Regional Laws and Policies for the Participation of Women in the Labour Market) (June 21, 2013). Bank of Italy Occasional Paper No. 189. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2303662 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2303662

Maria Lucia Stefani (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Luciana Aimone Gigio

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giuseppe Albanese

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Monica Amici

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Marta Auricchio

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Rosario Maria Ballatore

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Carla Bertozzi

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Manuela Calderini

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Liliana Centoducati

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Nicola Curci

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Petra Degasperi

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Silvia Del Prete

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Pietro De Matteis

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Sabrina Lucia Di Addario

Bank of Italy ( email )

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00187 Rome, I - 00184
Italy
+39 06 4792 3458 (Phone)
+39 06 4792 5626 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/sabrinadiaddario/

Elena Gennari

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Sabrina Ferretti

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giovanna Firpo

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Michele Loberto

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Claudio Salvatore Loreto

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Elisabetta Manzoli

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Vincenzo Mariani

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Daniela Mele

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Patrizia Passiglia

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Achille Puggioni

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Sonia Soncin

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giulia Tanzi

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Anna Verrengia

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giovanni Vittorino

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Università degli Studi di Udine ( email )

Via Tarcisio Petracco, Palazzo antonini, 8
Udine, 33100
Italy

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