Sound Earnings? The Income Structure of Swedish Composers 1990--2009

38 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2013  

Staffan Albinsson



Collective performing rights licensing agencies are private enterprises and their files are thus not public. Thus, the possibilities to carry out scientific research regarding the effects of performing right fees have been limited. This paper is based on new unique data provided by the Swedish Performing Rights Society (STIM) which has provided data for a large share of Swedish composers of art music with mandates from them for this study as legal requisites. The point of departure for the analysis is the basic monetary incentive theory which holds that the prospect of revenues will result in more output. Another question is whether royalty income plays a substantial role in the total incomes of composers or not. Furthermore, three factors, which are generally considered to be influential when it comes to the size of composer incomes in Sweden, are also analysed: gender, level of education and choice of domicile. Female composers are found to earn substantially less than males. Whereas in most professions higher levels of education increase income this seems to be less important for composers. Finally, the expectation is that a composer living in the national capital, Stockholm, will earn more than others is not substantiated.

Suggested Citation

Albinsson, Staffan, Sound Earnings? The Income Structure of Swedish Composers 1990--2009. Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, 2013, 10(1), 36-73. Available at SSRN:

Staffan Albinsson (Contact Author)

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