Speculative Bubbles, Financial Crises and Convergence in Global Real Estate Investment Trusts
24 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2013
Date Written: June 28, 2013
We test for price bubbles in fourteen national REIT markets and examine the extent of convergence toward a common trend between the REITs of these countries. Our methodology consists of the recently developed test of Phillips, Shi and Yu (2012) for mildly explosive processes, and the Phillips and Sul (2007) method for modelling convergence between random variables. We find evidence of explosive behaviour in index levels of eleven of the fourteen markets. In contrast explosive dynamics are found in only four of the fourteen price/dividend ratios, suggesting that the explosive behaviours found may be due to the explosive nature of the dividends. All of the episodes of explosive behaviour, with the exception of Japan, are date-stamped to periods prior to the 2007-2009 financial crisis. Testing for convergence between the REIT indices and price/dividend ratios we find a number of periods over which the markets converge towards a common trend. Interestingly, all of the convergence intervals coincide with either periods of crises, or periods of market exuberance (bubbles). For instance, the crises periods correspond with the 2000 dot-com crash, the 2007-2009 crisis period and the 2010-2013 European sovereign debt crisis suggesting that increases in REIT comovements occur during intervals of financial turbulence, and lending support for the contagion hypothesis. The bubble periods of 2004-2005 are also associated with convergence towards a common trend in the EU markets.
Keywords: Real Estate Investment Trusts, REITs, Financial Crisis, Financial Contagion, Convergence, Price Bubbles
JEL Classification: G15, F36, C22, C32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation