Fetal Origins and Parental Responses

Posted: 7 Aug 2013

See all articles by Douglas Almond

Douglas Almond

Columbia University - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Bhashkar Mazumder

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2013

Abstract

How do parental investments respond to health endowments at birth? Recent studies have combined insights from an earlier theoretical literature on household resource allocation with improved identification strategies to capture causal effects of early life health shocks. We describe empirical challenges in identifying behavioral responses and how recent studies have sought to address these. We then discuss the emerging literature on dynamic complementarities in parental investments arising from the staged, developmental nature of capability production and how capabilities may have multiple dimensions. The bulk of the empirical evidence to date suggests that parental investments reinforce initial endowment differences.

Suggested Citation

Almond, Douglas Vincent and Mazumder, Bhashkar, Fetal Origins and Parental Responses (January 2013). Annual Review of Economics, Vol. 5, pp. 37-56, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2306891 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-economics-082912-110145

Douglas Vincent Almond (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics ( email )

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Bhashkar Mazumder

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

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