Poverty, Malnutrition and Vulnerability in Mali

40 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenou

Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenou

World Bank - Health, Nutrition and Population

Dorsati Madani

The World Bank

Rob Swinkels

World Bank

Date Written: August 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper provides new insight into the poverty, malnutrition and vulnerability issues in Mali, using existing household survey data. First, it presents a profile of households that are poor, "food poor," or have malnourished children. Second, it explores the impact of recent weather and price shocks on household welfare and identifies those affected most by the shocks. Finally, it estimates vulnerability to poverty by modeling both households' expected consumption and their consumption volatility, and by distinguishing between idiosyncratic and covariate risks. The basic results of the analysis match conventional knowledge about poverty, food poverty, and malnutrition. The prevalence of chronic malnutrition is high in Mali, with 44 percent of Malian households and 66 percent of food poor Malian households having at least one stunted child. A 25 percent increase in cereal prices and a 25 percent decrease in cereal production are estimated to increase the number of food poor by 610,000 people. An estimated US$ 5.4 million of extra aid per year will be needed to lift the newly food poor above the food poverty line. About US$ 182 million is needed to do this for all existing and new food poor. Vulnerability incidence is in general two to three times higher among the poor than the non-poor, except in urban areas and in the region of Sikasso where the vulnerability incidence is five to six times higher among the poor. Overall, vulnerability is mostly driven by poverty induced vulnerability, except in the capital, Bamako, where vulnerability is more driven by risk induced vulnerability.

Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction, Regional Economic Development, Food & Beverage Industry, Poverty Lines

Suggested Citation

Eozenou, Patrick and Madani, Dorsati and Swinkels, Rob, Poverty, Malnutrition and Vulnerability in Mali (August 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6561. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2307807

Patrick Eozenou

World Bank - Health, Nutrition and Population ( email )

United States

Dorsati Madani

The World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Rob Swinkels

World Bank ( email )

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