Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation

57 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2013

See all articles by Benjamin Castleman

Benjamin Castleman

University of Virginia

Bridget Long

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: August 2013

Abstract

The government has attempted to ameliorate gaps in college access and success by providing need-based grants, but little evidence exists on the long-term impacts of such aid. We examine the effects of the Florida Student Access Grant (FSAG) using a regression-discontinuity strategy and exploiting the cut-off used to determine eligibility. We find grant eligibility had a positive effect on attendance, particularly at public four-year institutions. Moreover, FSAG increased the rate of credit accumulation and bachelor’s degree completion within six years, with a 22 percent increase for students near the eligibility cutoff. The effects are robust to sensitivity analysis.

Suggested Citation

Castleman, Benjamin and Long, Bridget, Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation (August 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w19306. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2308274

Benjamin Castleman (Contact Author)

University of Virginia ( email )

1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States

Bridget Long

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Education ( email )

6 Appian Way
Gutman Library 465
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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