Skill Composition, Fertility and Economic Growth

19 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2013 Last revised: 20 Jan 2014

See all articles by Creina Day

Creina Day

Australian National University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 1, 2013

Abstract

While high fertility persists in the poorest countries and fertility declines with per capita income in developing countries, fertility and per capita income are now positively associated across most developed countries. This paper presents a model where a Ushaped relationship between overall fertility and per capita income reflects within country differences in workforce skill composition and household choice of occupation, fertility and childrearing. The fraction of skilled workers rises with economic growth. By allowing for both differences in the fertility of skilled and unskilled workers and purchased childrearing inputs, we explain a poverty trap with high fertility, fertility decline with economic development and the possible reversal of fertility decline in a developed economy where most workers are skilled.

Keywords: fertility, economic growth, education, childrearing

JEL Classification: J13, J24, O40

Suggested Citation

Day, Creina, Skill Composition, Fertility and Economic Growth (August 1, 2013). CAMA Working Paper No. 47/2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2310983 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2310983

Creina Day (Contact Author)

Australian National University ( email )

7 Liversidge Street
Lennox Crossing
Canberra, ACT 0200
Australia

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