Remedies in International Dispute Settlement

33 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2013

See all articles by Christine Gray

Christine Gray

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law

Date Written: August 16, 2013


There have been two major developments affecting international law on remedies in the last twenty years: the proliferation of tribunals and the International Law Commission’s Articles on State Responsibility. These developments make it timely to revisit the question I first examined in 1985, whether there is an international law of remedies. Does the diversity of tribunals mean that they have awarded different types of remedies or taken different approaches? How far have the guidelines in the ILC Articles brought uniformity? The paper examines these questions in the light of the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice, the WTO Appellate Body, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the UNCC, regional human rights courts and other tribunals.

Keywords: remedies in international law, damages, restitution, satisfaction, international courts

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Gray, Christine, Remedies in International Dispute Settlement (August 16, 2013). Available at SSRN: or

Christine Gray (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

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