Restorative Justice, Policing and Insurgency: Learning from Pakistan

Law & Society Review, Forthcoming

RegNet Research Paper No. 2013/14

35 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2013 Last revised: 16 Mar 2015

See all articles by John Braithwaite

John Braithwaite

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet)

Ali Gohar


Date Written: August 1, 2013


It is unwise to give a clear answer to the policy question of the prudence of restorative justice under the auspices of police. Restorative justice inside Pakistan police stations illustrates why only a contextual answer makes sense. On the basis of purely qualitative evidence, it is argued that this restorative justice program sustainably reduces revenge violence, makes a contribution to preventing Pakistan from spiraling into civil war and to assisting a police force with low legitimacy to become somewhat more accountable to local civil society. These contributions are limited but could be much more significant with modest donor support. Investment in human rights and gender awareness training can also help control the abuses that have occurred under this program by increasing accountability. The ruthless, murderous, divisive politics of policing and restorative justice in Pakistan seems a least likely case for deliberative democracy to work. In limited ways it does.

Keywords: Restorative justice, policing, insurgency, Pakistan

JEL Classification: N40

Suggested Citation

Braithwaite, John and Gohar, Ali, Restorative Justice, Policing and Insurgency: Learning from Pakistan (August 1, 2013). Law & Society Review, Forthcoming, RegNet Research Paper No. 2013/14, Available at SSRN:

John Braithwaite (Contact Author)

School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200

Ali Gohar

Independent ( email )

Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics