Neighbourhood Effects on Migrant Youth's Educational Commitments: An Enquiry into Personality Differences

19 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2013

See all articles by Jaap Nieuwenhuis

Jaap Nieuwenhuis

Zhejiang University

Pieter Hooimeijer

Utrecht University

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Wim Meeus

Utrecht University; Tilburg University

Abstract

In the neighbourhood effects literature, the socialisation mechanism is usually investigated by looking at the association between neighbourhood characteristics and educational attainment. The step in between, that adolescents actually internalise educational norms held by residents, is often assumed. We attempt to fill this gap by looking at how educational commitments are influenced by neighbourhood characteristics. We investigate this process for migrant youth, a group that lags behind in educational attainment compared to native youth, and might therefore be particularly vulnerable to neighbourhood effects. To test our hypothesis we used longitudinal panel data with five waves (N=4179), combined with fixed-effects models which control for a large portion of potential selection bias. These models have an advantage over naïve OLS models in that they predict the effect of change in neighbourhood characteristics on change in educational commitment, and therefore offer a more dynamic approach to modelling neighbourhood effects. Our results show that living in neighbourhoods with higher proportions of immigrants increases the educational commitments of migrant youth compared to living in neighbourhoods with lower proportions. Besides, we find that adolescents with a resilient personality experience less influence of the neighbourhood context on educational commitments than do adolescents with other personalities.

Keywords: neighbourhood effects, educational commitment, adolescents, personality, migrant youth, fixed effects

JEL Classification: I24, J15, R23

Suggested Citation

Nieuwenhuis, Jaap and Hooimeijer, Pieter and van Ham, Maarten and Meeus, Wim, Neighbourhood Effects on Migrant Youth's Educational Commitments: An Enquiry into Personality Differences. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7510. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2314805

Jaap Nieuwenhuis (Contact Author)

Zhejiang University ( email )

38 Zheda Road
Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058
China

Pieter Hooimeijer

Utrecht University ( email )

Vredenburg 138
Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Wim Meeus

Utrecht University ( email )

Vredenburg 138
Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC Noord-Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

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