Immigrants, Household Production and Women's Retirement

45 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2013

See all articles by Giovanni Peri

Giovanni Peri

University of California, Davis - Department of Economics

Agnese Romiti

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB)

Maria Christina Rossi

University of Torino

Abstract

Women contribute disproportionately to household production, especially in Southern European countries. As a consequence of population aging assistance to elderly parents, rather than child care, has become a prevalent activity in home-production services. Immigrant labor has increasingly become a substitute for women labor in those services. Their presence, therefore, may allow women over 55 to work more outside of the house and retire later. We use a unique database of Italian households to identify the effect of local availability of foreign workers on planned retirement age and labor supply of Italian women. We find that an exogenous increase by one point in the immigrant percentage of the local population increased the planned retirement age of women over 55 by two months relative to similar men. For women with old parents the increase was four months and if they were in low-wealth households the increase was one full year. The same inflow of immigrants also increased the probability that women over 55 work outside the home by nine percentage points, relative to men.

Keywords: international migration, retirement, labor supply, home production, elderly care

JEL Classification: J22, J26, F22

Suggested Citation

Peri, Giovanni and Romiti, Agnese and Rossi, Maria Christina, Immigrants, Household Production and Women's Retirement. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2314844 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2314844

Giovanni Peri (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis - Department of Economics ( email )

One Shields Drive
Davis, CA 95616-8578
United States
530-752-3033 (Phone)
530-752-9382 (Fax)

Agnese Romiti

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB) ( email )

Regensburger Str. 104
Nuremberg, 90478
Germany

Maria Christina Rossi

University of Torino ( email )

Torino
Italy

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