Role of State Agricultural Universities and Directorates of Extension Education in Agricultural Extension in India

24 Pages Posted: 25 Aug 2013

See all articles by Krishna M. Singh

Krishna M. Singh

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University

Mohar Singh Meena

ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region (ICAR-RCER)

Burton Swanson

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Date Written: August 16, 2013

Abstract

In India, the first SAU was established in 1960 at Pantnagar in Uttar Pradesh. The SAUs were given autonomous status and direct funding from the state governments. They were autonomous organizations with state-wide responsibility for agricultural research, education and training or extension education. The establishment of the SAUs, based on a pattern similar to that of the land-grant universities in the United States, was a landmark in reorganizing and strengthening the agricultural education system in India. These universities became the branches of research under the ICAR and became the partners of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS). The green revolution, with its impressive social and economic impact, witnessed significant contributions from the SAUs, both in terms of trained, scientific work force and the generation of new technologies. However, most of the agricultural universities in India continue to be dominated by top-down, monolithic structures that follow a limited extension mandate. None of the post-Training-and-Visit (T&V) system extension reforms could revitalize it to meet the demands of a changing agricultural context.

The profusion of uncensored information through mass media and cyber sources has long-term consequences of generating public distrust and alienation from agriculture. This is attributed to the lack of a proper mechanism for verifying the accuracy and viability of the information transmitted. As in most of the developing countries, transfer of technology remained largely in the domain of the State Department of Agriculture (DOA), and SAUs are mandated to serve only a limited extension role in technology dissemination activities. The paper tries to critically review the extension activities of the SAUs and their Directorates of extension Education in India.

Keywords: Pluralistic extension system, State Agricultural Universities, Directorate of Extension Education, ICAR, India

JEL Classification: O15, O21, O33, Q16

Suggested Citation

Singh, Krishna M. and Meena, Mohar Singh and Swanson, Burton, Role of State Agricultural Universities and Directorates of Extension Education in Agricultural Extension in India (August 16, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2315381 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2315381

Krishna M. Singh (Contact Author)

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University ( email )

Pusa
Samastipur
Pusa-Samastipur, Bihar, Bihar 848125
India
+91-9431060157 (Phone)
+91-6274-240251 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rpcau.ac.in/

Mohar Singh Meena

ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region (ICAR-RCER) ( email )

ICAR RCER,Patna
BVC,Patna
Patna, Bihar 800014
India
9470465688 (Phone)
0612-2223956 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.icarrcer.org

Burton Swanson

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences ( email )

Champaign, IL 61820
United States

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