Human Trafficking: A Global Multi-Billion Dollar Criminal Industry

International Journal of Public Law and Policy, Forthcoming

27 Pages Posted: 26 Aug 2013 Last revised: 4 Oct 2013

See all articles by Katherine Taken Smith

Katherine Taken Smith

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi-College of Business

Hannah Russell

Texas A&M University (TAMU), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Economics, Students

Murphy Smith

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi-Department of Accounting

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

Human trafficking is the exploitation of people as property for forced labor, sexual exploitation, and organ trade. Human trafficking is a major crime industry, generating about $32 billion in revenues annually. Around the globe, the victims/slaves of human trafficking can be found in developed and developing countries, and in countries regarded as corrupt and not corrupt. This study examines the global scope of human trafficking and its negative affect on world society. This study tests the relationship between human trafficking and a country’s level of corruption. Results indicate that higher levels of corruption are associated with higher levels of human trafficking. Corruption though is only one factor in human trafficking; ultimately, ending human trafficking requires changing peoples’ attitudes and actions. Human trafficking exists because there is a demand for the products and services connected to it.

Keywords: Human trafficking, Corruption, Sex trafficking, Forced labor, Trade in organs, Human rights, Global issues, Public policy

JEL Classification: D6, D63, D78, F102, K14, K32, M14, Q1

Suggested Citation

Smith, Katherine Taken and Russell, Hannah and Smith, Murphy, Human Trafficking: A Global Multi-Billion Dollar Criminal Industry (2013). International Journal of Public Law and Policy, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2316169 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2316169

Katherine Taken Smith

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi-College of Business ( email )

6300 Ocean Drive
Corpus Christi, TX 78412
United States

Hannah Russell

Texas A&M University (TAMU), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Economics, Students ( email )

600 John Kimbrough Blvd
College Station, TX 77843
United States

Murphy Smith (Contact Author)

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi-Department of Accounting ( email )

6300 Ocean Dr
Corpus Christi, TX 78412
United States

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