Regional Age Structure, Human Capital and Innovation - Is Demographic Ageing Increasing Regional Disparities?

Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 900

35 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2013

See all articles by Terry Gregory

Terry Gregory

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Roberto Patuelli

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 22, 2013

Abstract

Demographic change is expected to affect labour markets in very different ways on a regional scale. The objective of this paper is to explore the spatio-temporal patterns of recent distributional changes in the workers age structure, innovation output and skill composition for German regions by conducting an Exploratory Space-Time Data Analysis (ESTDA). Beside commonly used tools, we apply newly developed approaches which allow investigating the space-time dynamics of the spatial distributions. We include an analysis of the joint distributional dynamics of the patenting variable with the remaining interest variables. Overall, we find strong clustering tendencies for the demographic variables and innovation that constitute a great divide across German regions. The detected clusters partly evolve over time and suggest a demographic polarization trend among regions that may further reinforce the observed innovation divide in the future.

Keywords: innovation, workforce age structure, exploratory space-time data analysis, regional disparities

JEL Classification: J11, O31, R11, R12, R23

Suggested Citation

Gregory, Terry and Patuelli, Roberto, Regional Age Structure, Human Capital and Innovation - Is Demographic Ageing Increasing Regional Disparities? (August 22, 2013). Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 900, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2316703 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2316703

Terry Gregory (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/terrygregory

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
Mannheim, 68161
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/terrygregory

Roberto Patuelli

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

via Anghera' 22
Rimini, 47921
Italy
+39-0541-434276 (Phone)
+39-02-700419665 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/patuellihomepage/

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