The Wealth of First Nations: An Exploratory Study

Fraser Institute Centre for Aboriginal Policy Studies, June 2013

44 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2013

See all articles by Tom Flanagan

Tom Flanagan

University of Calgary - Department of Political Science

Katrine Beauregard

University of Calgary - Department of Political Science

Date Written: June 20, 2013

Abstract

The standard of living of First Nations is on average much lower than that of other Canadians, but some First Nations have achieved higher well-being than others.

This paper is an investigation into the factors that promote prosperity for First Nations. We use the Community Well-being Index (CWB), calculated by the Department of Aboriginal Affairs, as a measure of prosperity for First Nations. As possible explanations of differences in well-being, we develop and test four indicators of respect for property rights and the rule of law: use of Certificates of Possession, adoption of property tax, entry into the First Nations Land Management Act, and avoidance of third-party management. In a multiple regression analysis, all four variables are positively correlated with higher CWB scores, even after controlling for cultural background and remoteness of location. Our findings are consistent with comparative and international research that has highlighted the importance of property rights and the rule of law for economic growth.

Keywords: Aboriginal Issues, Indians of North America Canada Economic conditions, Indians of North America Canada Social conditions, Indians of North America Health and hygiene Canada

Suggested Citation

Flanagan, Tom and Beauregard, Katrine, The Wealth of First Nations: An Exploratory Study (June 20, 2013). Fraser Institute Centre for Aboriginal Policy Studies, June 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2317561

Tom Flanagan (Contact Author)

University of Calgary - Department of Political Science ( email )

2500 University Drive NW
Calgary, Alberta T2N1N4
Canada

Katrine Beauregard

University of Calgary - Department of Political Science ( email )

2500 University Drive NW
Calgary, Alberta T2N1N4
Canada

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