Affirmative Action Still Needed

Baltimore Sun, June 6th. 2013, p. 19

2 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2013

Date Written: June 6, 2013


Affirmative action in higher education raises difficult questions of access and fairness. Opponents argue that it discriminates against whites and certain other groups, while proponents emphasize that it increases opportunities for underrepresented minorities. Though concerns about fairness properly limit the scope and frequency of affirmative action, minority underrepresentation in highly selective colleges and universities continues to validate its use.

Keywords: fairness, affirmative action, access, discrimination, minorities, higher education, colleges, universities, Bakke, Grutter v. Bollinger, Fisher v. University of Texas, Sandra Day O'Connor

JEL Classification: J71, J79, K19, K39, K49

Suggested Citation

Higginbotham, F. Michael, Affirmative Action Still Needed (June 6, 2013). Baltimore Sun, June 6th. 2013, p. 19, Available at SSRN: or

F. Michael Higginbotham (Contact Author)

University of Baltimore - School of Law ( email )

1420 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
United States

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