Regional Determinants of Establishments' Innovation Activities: A Multi-Level Approach

31 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2013

See all articles by Lutz Bellmann

Lutz Bellmann

Institute for Employment Research (IAB); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Andreas Crimmann

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB)

Katalin Evers

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB)

Reinhard Hujer

University of Frankfurt; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper analyses the determinants of different innovation types. Beside a wide range of firm characteristics also the effects of regional factors are estimated using three-level random effect logit models which account for the clustered and longitudinal structure of the data. The analyses contain three regional variables: the unemployment rate, the assessment of the region with reference to proximity to research and technology centres and universities and the rate of graduates in mathematics, informatics, natural sciences and technological sciences (MINT-graduates). The empirical basis is the IAB-Establishment Panel Survey 2006 to 2010. Process and radical innovations are significant affected by the unemployment rate and the share of MINT-graduates. The unemployment rate has also for some of the innovation combos a significant effect. The proportion of MINT-graduates is relevant for the probability of all 4 innovation types simultaneously.

Keywords: determinants of innovation, regional effects, multilevel modelling

JEL Classification: D21, O30, R15

Suggested Citation

Bellmann, Lutz and Crimmann, Andreas and Evers, Katalin and Hujer, Reinhard, Regional Determinants of Establishments' Innovation Activities: A Multi-Level Approach. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7572. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2318753

Lutz Bellmann (Contact Author)

Institute for Employment Research (IAB) ( email )

Regensburger Str. 104
Nuremberg, 90478
Germany
+49 911 179 3046 (Phone)
+49 911 179 3297 (Fax)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Andreas Crimmann

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB) ( email )

No Address Available
Germany

Katalin Evers

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany - Institute for Employment Research (IAB) ( email )

Reinhard Hujer

University of Frankfurt ( email )

Institute for Statistics and Econometrics
60054 Frankfurt
Germany
+49 798 23673 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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